Oh, the travails or Indoor FAC Free Flight. Last Thursday (13 Oct 2022), I headed northeast to Pontiac, Michigan to our (the Cloudbusters) first Indoor contest of the year. We had a light turnout, so most of the day was spent testing – and that was fine because new models need testing.
We are going to discuss my brand new model for the Combined Greve/Thompson NoCal Mass Launch event. For the past couple of years, I have been flying my Folkerts SK-2 and it has been great, if not dominant. But it has suffered many breaks from crashing into the rafters 60 feet above the floor. As a result, the wings are warped and times are down – it’s time for a new model.
The Folkerts is a big NoCal 22″ from nose to tail, with 62.5 square inches of wing area. And mine came out to 7 grams – just a little above the 6.2 minimum weight for the event. The result was consistent time over 3 minutes and a high time of 3:47.
So – a new plane – what to create? Well, bigger is better, right? I searched for long-bodied, short-winged planes of the era. That combination make for lots of wing area and lots of rubber capacity – theoretical “good things” for Scale Free Flight subjects, especially in the NoCal event (well, it’s MY theory, anyway).
One of the smaller, if not smallest airplanes designed for the pre-war National Air Races was the Floyd Bean Special. Designed in collaboration with the Chambermaid, it is very similar; more round in the fuselage and a longer nose. It had a span of just over 13 feet and that long nose was due to the Menasco 6-cylinder engine (the Folkerts SK-2 only used a 4-cylinder Menasco engine). The real plane was too late for the 1938 Races, and landing gear problems prevented entry into the 1939 Races.
I used the Kerka 3-view and scaled everything for the maximum 16″ wing span. This makes a monster NoCal: just over 26″ nose to tail, with almost 78 square inches of wing area and about 19.5″ hook-to-peg for the motor – it’s huge!
that is a 16 inch ruler!
the Floyd Bean NoCal compared to a Fairey Barracuda NoCal – same wingspan.
I made up a formed prop for it – a 7″ diameter formed on a 12″ pitch block with a 1.5″ wide Larabee profile. I also used one of my mini-Gizmo Geezer adjustable NoCal nose bearings (this would be the first test of them). After fitting all of the required nose parts, the total weight was just at 10 grams. Oh, that hurts. The target was 7 grams. I used 5-pound wood throughout, except the motor stick which is made from 1/4″ balsa – 4-pound balsa. Of course, it took a whole sheet of yellow tissue to get all the pieces. I calculate there is about 1 gram in tissue alone. Anyway, on to the actual flying of the model!
I did balance and glide testing with a full motor (25″ loop of 1/8″ – the Folkerts, lighter and smaller, used 24″ of 0.102″ rubber, so a bigger plane requires a bigger motor) and found I had to add a small amount of clay to the tail to get a decent glide. “Gliding” is important in NoCal – most of your flight is on cruise, so you need to have a flat glide to allow for the lowest power flight. I did a low-powered test flight of about 1000 turns and made a couple thrust adjustments and put in 2000 turns for a real test. I was pleased as I hit over 2 minutes on it’s first real flight. Of course, it wasn’t perfect. The “cruise” had lots of minor porpoising, but no really bad characteristics. After 5 or 6 additional test flights, tweaking thrust, but mostly taking off tail weight, I managed a really good flight as shown here:
A 2:29 on the first day sounds like a “woohoo!” moment – so whats the “ugh”? To put it bluntly, it is going to take more than 2.5 minutes to win the races – a lot more. As I said above, my Folkerts was dominant at 3-3.5 minutes – but it raised the bar locally – other were catching me and I was losing contests with the old broken-winged bird.
“Just keep tweaking and get more time.” That’s the general process, but I don’t know if that will work here. Here’s why:
at 10 grams, I need a lot of motor to haul the model around. 1/8″ seems to work well. I had good climb-out, and good cruise (see the video) – but, I was landing with turns. That means either my motor is too long or not fat enough.
I could cut about an inch or two off the motor (about 300 turns remained) to right-size the 1/8″ rubber. That would lighten the carried weight, but shorten the duration of the motor. However, that probably would result in about the same times, maybe a few seconds longer, if I got lucky.
I could strip some rubber to go fatter. But a fatter motor means more torque – and more carried weight. More carried weight could mean less flight time, but that might be offset by better cruise (not petering out right at the end). But high torque at launch brings additional problems.
I would to about 2200 turns; this was about 1 in-oz on my digital torque meter. On a 25″ loop of 1/8″, rubber theory suggests that should be able to increase both – up to about 2 in-oz and 2400 turns. But I am not sure my model can handle this.
I used light-weight 1/4″ square balsa for the motor stick. I have tapered this and smoothed it where appropriate. This is what I always do and it is a “good practice”, a proven technique. When I did this, even before I glued it to the fuselage, I was worried that I went “too light” – there was a good deal of flex in this stick. I think it is just too long. I reinforced it with strips of carbon fiber and that helped, but I noticed that the fuselage was flexing under the 2200 turns/1-in-oz load. My plane flies left and this force causes the flex to the right. The plane flies straight and up for the first 30 feet or so an then assumes a normal flight path. More torque could be disastrous.
So…the model is too heavy, requires too much rubber, and is too flexible. I have been thinking these past few days on how to cure these problems.
I could probably buildup a rolled motor stick. This would likely be stiffer, but probably not much lighter, and it would be difficult to retrofit. That would make the plane stiffer, but wouldn’t make it lighter.
I could wind the current motor up and back off a few turns. This help because you nave nearly the same turns, but less torque. I can probably get a little bit more performance this way, especially on that shorter motor.
I could build a second model, using thinner wood in selected places, a rolled tube, maybe some Gampi tissue, a lighter selection on nose/prop pieces and – MAYBE – drop 2 grams. That is very optimistic for me – I’m no Indoor modeler.
But in the end, this model might just prove that I have reached the limits of “bigger is better”. If I am building a newer, lighter model, I should probably spend that effort on another Folkerts. But I am not giving up on this one just yet. It will see action in November.
Oh, yes, this will be a Short Kit soon. I even have printed tissue templates made up for it already.
If you can’t wait, you can find the Short Kit HERE. Download printed tissue template for this color scheme HERE. Scroll down for the rest of the story (and a test flight video!)…
The Aircraft Designs “Stallion” has been a favorite of mine since I saw the February 1995 issue of Private Pilot on the newsstand in my local supermarket. I bought the magazine immediately. There wasn’t such a thing as “searching the internet” back then, so this was a great source of scale documentation. I was (and still am) always on the lookout for high-wing airplanes with retract gear and without struts. I took it home and quickly started to lay out a Peanut plan. I built two Peanuts – if I remember, #1 was smashed and #2 flew away. This is the long-awaited third Peanut, built as a prototype for a laser-cut short kit.
Feb 1995 Private Pilot magazine and the Aircraft Designs Stallion
the inside of the magazine with an early CAD Peanut plan.
The build is “typical” – no surprises or complications. It is a box fuselage with a few formers and stringers. I designed it to be light, so I used light wood and many of the formers and stringers are from 1/32″ sheet. My target weight was the unobtainable 5 grams. I hit 7 grams, due to a 3D printed prop and spinner.
I wanted to keep it light because my goal was to fly it on a loop of 1/16″ rubber. I am pretty sure I lost #2 flying in the McCook Squadron’s “Watson Challenge” – where you can fly any plane with a 24″ strand of 1/8″ (I stripped it down to 2 strands of 1/16″). My records also show that the old one weighed 5.5 grams – but it may have been more, as I only had a homemade balance beam back then.
I also tried a bunch of “new” things on this model. I installed one of my light-weight mini Gizmo Geezer Nose Buttons (read about them HERE). Also (as noted in the linked article), I’ve been working with Archie Adamisin on 3D printed propellers. I put one of his on my Peanut Corsair and had great luck. This time, I wanted to replicate the 3-bladed propeller on the full scale aircraft, so I took one of his 3D files and modified it what I imagined would be a good prop for the model. This one is a 3-Blade of 4″ diameter, 5″ pitch, and a 0.4″ blade width. it looks quite scale!
The prop is driven by a Garami-style clutch bound to one of the blades and one of my tiny 3D-printed Clutch Drivers. This is all hidden under a 3D printed Spinner. The prop and necessary equipment added just about 1.5 grams to the build. So, between all that plastic and the sheeted nose (1/64″ balsa), I probably could have saved between 1/2 and 1 gram of weight.
As the beautiful fall day warmed up and started to burn off the dew this afternoon, I loaded up a 10″ loop of 1/16″ rubber and headed out to the back yard. After a little bit of added tail weight and a few twists on the adjustable nose button screws, I got some pretty decent test flights. Here is the one I filmed.
It is a simple plane, but simple things can bring simple pleasures.
Evenings have been busy here. I’ve been preparing a new fleet for Indoor season. This is risky, as new planes rarely perform in a winning manner. But my NoCal Racer (Folkerts SK-2) was not flying well at the end of last year and my WWII NoCal (Barracuda) is suffering a lot of wear and tear. And I need to develop some new stuff.
So, quickly, Here are some details:
I built a second Barracuda NoCal when my first one got hung up in the rafters. I never flew it because when I returned to the Indoor site the next month, I was presented with my model – the maintenance crew got it down for me! I had 5 victories before the “loss” in 2019 and the ragged flyer now has 18 kanones. It’s been a workhorse, to say the least, but it is definitely showing its age and I need to prepare a new model.
Cuda #2 is really a stop-gap, as I intend to build another Spitfire NoCal (read about #1 here). The first of those never was trimmed properly Indoor and then got stuck in a tree in the back yard.
Anyway, I will be testing my new NoCal nose Bearing design on the Barracuda – I replaced the nose bearing the other day. Here is a photo. I’ll be using these on my (new) NoCals this season.
FLOYD BEAN NOCAL
As I said, my Folkerts SK-2 NoCal has suffered even more than my ‘Cuda. The wings were broken and repairs didn’t go well. It has earned eight kanones in the last two seasons, but only one last year. So, it will be retired and a New Racer NoCal was framed up this week. It is not covered yet, but that will take place before the contest on the (lucky) 13th. Here is a photo of the fuselage. Note the ruler is a 16 INCH ruler!
STALLION HIGH WING PEANUT
This will be the third Stallion Peanut I have built, but the first in over 25 years. For some reason, I like the Stallion and have built two Peanuts, two Jumbos, and a NoCal. And now there is a third Peanut, and a third Jumbo is on the drawing boards.
The focus on this one is to build it light. Challenge #1 is to build it to the target weight of 5 grams. Based on the photo below, I am thinking 6 grams is more likely. Light is important as this model only has 22 square inches of wing area – it’s not very big.
Challenge #2 will be to find the right prop and rubber combination for the light model. With luck, I’ll be able to fly it with a loop of 1/16″ rubber. We’ll see. Here’s the framed up stack of parts. This stack also includes a nose bearing similar to the NoCal, but for small lightweight models. (There’s lots of experimenting going on here at Volare Acres!)
The colors and markings have been laid out for printing, so covering will happen soon.
Coming out of the FAC Outdoor Champs and the Ted Dock Memorial contests, I have two short kits to offer up:
The 18″ span Sorrell HiPerBipe (HERE). This model is a tribute to Pres Bruning and was selected for the 2023 One Design. Pres did a Peanut, but we enlarged it to 18″ span for easier building. This is 6 laser-cut sheets, 2 vacu-formed pieces, a 2-page plan, plus a copy of Pres’ Peanut plan.
Gil Sherman’s Convertible Cabin (HERE). This is a 22″ span Old Timer, qualifying for FAC 2-Bit and Old Time Fuselage. Winn Moore built the prototype and it flies great – much like the King Harry. This one will be a winner! It is 4 sheets of laser-cut parts and a 2-page plan.
Well, “busy July” is over. Of course, that the busy-ness overflowed into August. Being away from home for two weeks means orders pile up. Here are some quick status updates.
1 – AMA Outdoor Free Flight Nats: I won Dime Scale! I put up some pretty good times with my aging Cessna Bird Dog – 26 seconds longer than Don DeLoach and his Mauboussin Dimer. He tried to come from behind with his 15 bonus points, but that still left me 14 points ahead! Woohoo!
2 – Focke-Wulf FW-189 Jumbo Kit Progress: I haven’t flown the -189 since Geneseo in the middle of the month. But I have spent a good deal of time trying to prepare for Kit Production. Many have stated that they are standing in line awaiting its release. Here is what I am thinking so far:
Now you might be shocked (I was), but here are the details of why these prices are reasonable:
Basic Short Kit: one 45″x13″ rolled plan and TWELVE laser-cut sheets (3 different balsa thicknesses, card stock, plywood)
Vacuform Parts: there are three vacuformed pieces, and I generally add $5 for each single piece in a kit. So you are getting three for the price of two.
3D Parts: there are SEVENTEEN 3D-printed parts, which will require at least two, maybe three separate print runs.
Nose Block Parts: two Gizmo Geezer Nose Buttons, two GG Nose Washers, and eight small magnets. The GG Nose Buttons retail for $6 each, so you’re already ahead, before the washers and magnets.
Counter Rotating Props: A matched set of 9″ Superior Right-Left Prop Blanks. There is even a small possibility that I could offer Counter-Rotating Plastic props, but that has to be finalized.
This is a complex model and you shouldn’t assume it will be next-to-nothing in cost. It took me a lot of time to develop and will take a lot of time to produce and assemble. It has been suggested that I include parts for the armored -V2 version. This is possible, and if I do it, it will be mostly sheet wood and untested by me – but at no additional charge.
3 – Superior Props Future: Recently, there have been shortages of some of the parts and pieces for the Superior Props hardware. Most notably, Nose Buttons and Drive Dogs. My dad, who is now 83 years old and two years a widower, has found a new interest for his remaining years and will likely be moving to the Netherlands. He has been spending a lot of time over there in the past year or so and this has meant that his production of parts is not as readily available as it used to be – and will probably be reduced to nothing if and when he moves across the pond.
I have solved some of these issues – I now have Nose Buttons and Drive Dogs in such a quantity that I probably will never run out (and probably not the next owner, either). I am working on prop shafts, but I know those can be made easily here (its just time consuming). Also, I have lined up someone who will probably be able to take over the propeller production – IF we can arrange time for cross-training and get the prop machine moved again.
So, to summarize – Superior Products Prop Shaft Assemblies are back in production, as are the individual Drive Dogs and Nose Buttons. Superior Props Clutches are an iffy situation; I don’t know if I will be able to offer them again (a complex part). Superior Props Freewheelers and Folders may have a slow time of it soon, but it is not my intention to let this important part of our hobby die out.
Models in the Pipeline: As always, I’ve got a ton of plans in the works!
I am sending out a prototype kit for an Old Time Stick – that could double as a P-30, as the dimensions are withing the rules.
Steve Neill talked about an old Shorty’s Basement kit for the Blohm+Voss P.215. This was produced before I bought the company and was designed for Rapier power. Steve was kind enough to pour a cast of the canopy and send it to me. I did minimal clean-up work to the buck and pulled a canopy from it. When I get around to this, it will be rubber-powered in a tractor configuration.
In the past year or so, I’ve enlisted the help of Archie Adamisin to do some finalizing of some 3D-printed canopies for me. My knowledge of “modern” 3D design systems is rudimentary, at best. I have been working in 2D CAD and converting them to 3D parts. But my CAD program does not support lofting. Archie had the knowledge and the software to bridge this gap. However, he lost his software license. Fortunately, he researched some products and found a suitable replacement for him (Atom3D). I downloaded a trial version and struggled mightily.
Well, after a short Zoom meeting, and several hours of headbanging against the program, I think I have made some progress. Today, I printed a complex canopy of my own design. I’ve been waiting for several years for this. In fact, I firs laser-cut this kit and built it in 2013. Here, you can see the canopy for a Peanut Scale Junkers Ju-87d “Stuka”! Look for a short kit sometime in the future (finally!)
Lessons Learned: At the AMA Nats last week, I broke my old Jumbo Stallion. It has been struggling for a year or more and this was not unexpected. In fact, I flew it several times at Geneseo and Muncie last month and many times I had to repair the cabin where the wing mounts. It was so bad that CA-ing the old CA just wasn’t working very well. But I was determined – and I said repeatedly that I would fly it until it broke, if necessary.
Well, it did.
This is not meant to be Model Wreckage Porn. There is value in this fuselage as it sits and I am happy with what it shows. This model was put through the wringer. It has many, many bad landings (and many very nice flights. Here are some of the things I learned with this model.
1 – I covered this with domestic tissue, sprayed it with Future floor polish, and thinned acrylic paint (you can read about it here). It might be the tissue itself, or the combination of all three, but the tissue was becoming fragile in its four-year-old-age. I’m thinking the tissue was the cause.
2- the structure was good. Contrary to the above photo, this was a durable model. Excepting the cabin and wing mounting design, it withstood a lot of abuse. I think this was right-sized, in terms of wood sizes and spacings, etc. There can always be improvements, but the fuselage did well, and the wing never broke.
3 – Speaking of improvements, I never finished this plan/kit to Production. I just didn’t like the way the “corners of the fuselage looked. I have already been working on a redesign of the fuselage into a keel and half-shell design, hoping to smooth out those “corners”. Yes, that means a third Stallion Jumbo will probably be built – this time with a resulting short kit. I will definitely be reworking that cabin and wing mounting system to increase its durability. No projected date on this yet, but I do like flying the big plane, even if it has no bonus points (it came in third in Modern Civilian at the AMA Nats).
Well, I am “freshly” returned from the FAC Nats in Geneseo, NY. It was so great to be there, since the last time all of us Rubber Scale crazies were there was in 2019 and the last Nats (an every-two-year thing) was in 2018. For those of you that have been living in a cave for the last 4 years, these yearly events (non-Nats and Nats) were cancelled because of the COVID pandemic. For half a minute, this year’s event was threatened as we could not get the use of SUNY-Geneseo for our lodging and banquet requirements. So the Nats this year had a bit of the flavor on a non-Nats, with lower attendance and on-field ceremonies.
BUT! We were there and we did some spectacular flying in the best weather we have had in many, many years. On to my personal report. Oh… sit down, have a cup of coffee (or whatever), this is bound to be a long read (just imagine how long it took me to write it!)
Coming out of the McCook meet in Muncie (June), Winn Moore proposed that he and I ride together. This would save us both some money on gas, since prices are relatively high. There were a few downsides to this idea that we had to overcome:
1: I would travel from Battle Creek (SW Michigan) to Oxford, MI (northeast of Pontiac – which is well north of Detroit) to pick up Winn. He said it makes no sense for him to go west (to my place) when we were to travel east (to Geneseo), and I said it makes no sense for me to travel north when I need to go south to the turnpike, but he won out (this time). I drove the 2.5 hours to his place on Monday afternoon so we could pack Monday evening and be on our way early Tuesday morning (I stayed at his house Monday night).
2: We both needed to take our chase scooters (we both have a Honda Ruckus – highly recommended) and we only suspected that we could get them both in my 5’x8′ trailer WITH my sales goods. Yes, they would both fit lengthwise and width-wise, but I had installed a shelf on the side of the trailer that holds all of my piece-parts for sale. The vertical height of this shelf off the floor just might interfere with the bikes. Also, I usually store my rubber and kits for sale under this shelf, next to my bike – this space would now hopefully (and problematically) be taken up by Winn’s bike – if it fit under the shelf! Oh, and I only had two randomly-placed tie-downs on the floor to the trailer. But I bought more to install upon arrival.
We did that first thing Monday evening after arrival. We remove the two existing and installed the now-six tie-downs in logical places so we could strap two bikes in trailer. We strapped mine in, facing forward, on the non-shelf side of the trailer. Then we BACKED Winn’s into the trailer so the handlebars would not clash and strapped his down. At first the handlebars would not fit under the shelf, but cinching the bike down to near-full compression of the suspension allows then to fit.
We then loaded the trailer with tables and canopies and got to the business of fitting all of Winn’s model boxes and tool boxes into my car.
3: Usually, I fill up my vehicle (was an Expedition, but now is a Navigator) with all of my flying planes so that I can fly whatever I want. But knowing that this wouldn’t work for TWO modelers, I had to pare down my models to the bare minimum. The first thing I did coming out of the contest in Muncie at the end of June was to print a Nats schedule and mark what events I wanted to fly and which models I wanted to use. I pared down my collection so that I was taking only one model per event (except I took two Peanuts – they’re small and fit into the boxes). This gave me 18 models. This might sound like a lot, but I usually take about twice that many to any given contest.
The next challenge was to fit them into the minimum space. I used one large cardboard Amazon box and one of my foam boxes. The cardboard box is deep, so I could make that a two-level box, if I made supports and a shelf for the second layer. So I had three layers of space in two boxes for 18 models. I carefully packed each layer, successfully getting all 18 models (including four models of over 30″ span) in these three layers. I took pictures of each layer so that I could replicate it for the return trip.
18 models in three layers (two boxes) ready for Geneseo. Only four of them did not log a flight.
By doing this, I was able to pack up half of the back of my vehicle with my models, tool box, two large containers of rubber, one container of short kits and a could small sundry boxes. Winn’s models would have to fit into the other half of the truck – or in the vertical open area above the bikes in the trailer.
Making this long story a little shorter – all of his five or six boxes fit inside the truck and we didn’t have to experiment with packing the above the bikes in the trailer. Here’s a tip – the interior of a late-model Expedition or Navigator is huge; larger than you think.
Not wanting to go through Canada (I was carrying a lot of sales goods, no need to be stopped at the border and risk delays), we drove two-plus hours south to get to Ohio so we could turn east and drive around the southern shore of Lake Erie to just south of Buffalo where we took a two-lane state highway the final hour or so through bucolic western New York, arriving in Geneseo 8 hours or so after we left Oxford. Of course, we chatted about all variety of things, but mostly about model airplanes and the upcoming contest. For those not “in the know”, the FAC Nats are the epitome of our contests every two years. This is the BIG ONE for us – the most important and significant event in the FAC. We were excited and happy to be going back and we had high hopes of winning everything (and selling all my product!)
We left at 7am and arrived at the flying field at 3:30pm. We would meet up with Clete Schenkel, Mike Smith and Pat Murray as they arrived later in the evening. We would be staying in the Pat Murray Bed & Breakfast (his large RV) for the week. The benefits to this are that we are usually first on the field in the morning and last off the field at night. This leaves plenty of time to get ready early and test fly late.
The “first” day (Wednesday) is a non-flying day. We got up early with no particular rush. In the late morning, we helped set up the judging area in the main hangar, directing the tent rental setup, and setting up all my sales goods (hoping to sell one MILLION Dollars – haha!)
We got all of our models out and had them checked for compliance and/or judged for Scale. There were many beautiful models presented from around the country – two countries, as Canada was represented, too. You can see some of them on the FAC-GHQ Facebook feed, as I posted snapshots of everything that was on display. John Koptonak also posted many photos of the displayed models on the FAC-GHQ Facebook page.
We wrapped up in late afternoon, packing all up and clearing the hangar. Then many went to the flying field for test flying and leisure time. There was the threat of rain in the evening (after three separate brief showers during the day), but it eventually calmed and cleared.
I had a light schedule for Day One (Thursday) – Old Time Stick was the only mandatory Day One event for me. Friday and Saturday were absolutely full. And, by tradition, the Nats Scale events require 3 official flights (averaged) to be flown. So, ALL events were three flight events, plus testing. It was going to be a challenge to get everything in – and weather would play a part. All the Scale events were multi-day events. Some were two-day and some were three-day, so the modeler can pick what day they want to fly. If it was too windy on Day One, you can defer to Day Two. Or like me, if Day Two and Three are too busy, you can fly on Day One. So, I chose to fly my complicated and time consuming Jumbo Focke-Wulf 189 on Day One – After I flew Old Time Stick.
I think I flew two or three Test flights on my OT Stick Holy Ike and then went official. I put up three maxes and was sitting pretty in first place. By the time I got around to the Jumbo and doing additional testing, the breeze was starting to turn into a wind and I wouldn’t risk another flight in the wind. I logged one official flight on the FW-189 at 47 seconds. I was in first in that for most of the day, too – because no one else was foolish enough to fly Jumbo on Day One of Three. Here is a test flight from the previous evening. You can see it has wonderful potential, but still needs trimmed and then pack in more duration.
As Thursday wound down, it became evident that SEVEN flyers maxed out (three 2-minute flights) in Old Time Stick! This meant there would be a fly-off. The majority of the flyers involved and the management agreed to postpone the mass launch fly-off until the very first thing on Friday morning.
The seven of us gathered at 7:45am and went over the ground rules, wound for sound, lined up and launched seven stick models in close proximity. There were no crashes, but Duncan McBride and I, standing side by side, went right up together. His Korda C Stick Tractor was only inches above and in front of my Holy Ike. It was quite the sight to see and we both thought that propellers might chew planes, but we got clear. All seven got great altitude. I ended up 4th out of seven, the victim of my own caution, now giving full torque to the biggest motor in my fleet. Nonetheless, it was satisfying.
my Holy Ike Old Time Stick
After that, I went right into Old Time Fuselage, flying my Hep Cat. This model has been a very consistent flyer – in calm or in wind – since I built it. It even won FAC OT Stick last summer at the AMA Outdoor Nats. I put up two maxes, but then… I dropped my third flight with an uncharacteristic 117 second flight. The tail end of the flight was in “down air” – caught in the back side of a thermal where the air is rotating toward the ground instead of up and away. That was a disappointment. But I watched the scoreboard. No one was maxing out. As the day came to a close, Ted Allebone has logged the same score – 357 – and we were tied for first. There would be another flyoff. The day was calm, so we could go at the end of the day or early in the morning. I was ready. But Ted had already packed up his model and it was packed in the front of the truck waiting for a return to Michigan. He declined a flyoff and took second place, giving me first.
my Hep Cat when built – in the winter
Rounding out the second day, I flew my aging Stallion in Jumbo, one terrible flight with my Dime Scale Bird Dog, broke a motor winding my Caudron in the first round of the Greve Race, tossed my Falcon Special into the ground in the first round of the Goodyear races, flew three mediocre electric flights with my Fike Peanut in Power Scale, and three less-than-mediocre flights with my Heinkel JetCat.
I did fly my Jumbo Focke-Wulf on Friday – in WWII Combat! That was exciting. There were 25 or so pilots and they eliminated 7 (I think) in the first round. I made it to the second round! But I broke one motor while winding and was eliminated. Some commented that they were surprised that I would fly that model (and risk it) in Combat. But, if you can’t fly a stunning model in the biggest contest, what did you build it for?
The only up-side for the remainder of the day was my little Corsair Peanut. I logged something like a 57 second first flight, and added some clay to the tail for a floating glide resulting in a 76 second second flight. For the third flight, after about 20 seconds it caught a thermal and just cruised around in ever-heightening circles. I chased to the northern edge of the field to where the bean field started and watched the pretty flight. It was getting quite high and I felt I was seeing the last of my little Corsair, but all of a sudden, the prop locked and the model quickly spiraled down. The nose hit the dirt at about 1:45, but it sure seemed longer than that. Only the legendary Tom Hallman, flying a 35 bonus-point MiG-DIS was able to beat me. His three flights were all between 30 and 50 seconds, but he totaled 6 more points than me. I am very pleased to take second place in Peanut!
The third day was much like the second: fair weather and light breezes. It was overcast in the morning, but that gave way to clear skies. When we flew the National Air Races Mass Launch, as we finished winding, the air was perfect and bouyant. Pat Murray and I were hoping the Air Boss would get those watches started and not delay in giving us the “launch!” command. Streamers were rising and – OMG, it was perfect! Thankfully, Mike Escalante wasted no time in getting us into the air and all of us went right up into that thermal. Pat and I were right together, climbing higher and higher into the blue sky. For a time my Comper Swift was above his Lockheed Vega and we were enjoying the spectacle as the were rising right overhead. Unfortunately, my Comper has a built-in DT – warps in the wing cause it to go straight in the glide if upset in the least little bit. And that’s what happened – I got kicked out and started a slow descent to the south. I landed and ended up in third place behind Pat and Wally Farrel (2nd).
I tried to fly my Durham Stretch Limo in Embryo, but couldn’t get it trimmed right. Again, my schedule was packed, so I had to pick and choose what to fly and set that one aside, abandoning Embryo (more on the impact of this decision later). I turned to Half Wakefield and my Yankee IV. I got it trimmed satisfactorily and logged three good flights. I don’t recall what they were, but they were good flights, but not maxes, in a difficult category. That put me in first most of the day.
Our flying buddy, Mike Smith from Dayton, had been struggling earlier in the contest and, after hours the day before, he said he didn’t turn in times because they were poor performers. He is only 3 years into the hobby. I told him he shouldn’t hesitate or be embarrassed to turn in times. It helps him understand where he is compared to others, and it helps the club with overall statistics about how many people participate and so on. That must have taken hold, because he logged his flight times on his half-size Keil Kraft Gipsy – for his first kanone, knocking me into second place! Well done, Mike!
Next up was my King Harry in 2-Bit. This is another consistent performer for me. Of course, not having flown some of these models for 2 years makes you relearn and readjust. But King Harry #2 is just as reliable as #1 was (before it was lost at Geneseo in 2019). I put up a triple max that was not matched and I took first place.
King Harry #2
My last flight of the contest was my most outstanding flight. NoCal was flown on the last day. This is a fun, but tricky event – there is no maximum flight time. In June, my Folkerts SK-2 “Toots” had two 5-minute flights that landed on the field and yet, my three-flight total was surpassed by Wally Farrell with an 11-minute fly-away. This Folkerts NoCal is one of the straightest and strongest NoCals I ever built. It has bee solid and warp-free since the day I built it a year ago. While it did pop out of the thermals in June, I decided to try to enforce that behavior a little bit with another small pea of clay to the nose. I planned for performance like this: a- climb out a little and hook a thermal, b- ride that thermal for a good while and when the thermal weakens, c- drop the nose and glide down for a good score like I had seen in Muncie last month. Here’s what wikipedia says about “best laid plans”:
(idiomatic)A proverbial expression used to signify the futility of making detailed plans when the ability to fully or even partially execute them is uncertain
I wound up the long loop of 1/8″ rubber that drives the 7″ Peck prop. I asked Winn to time me and checked the streamer. I hustled out a few steps and turned to Winn, ready to launch – the streamer was going up. I called him again, “Winn, hey, are you ready? I want to catch this thermal!” A couple seconds and he was ready and I launched, hoping I wasn’t too far behind it – I wasn’t.
It wasn’t a real strong thermal, nor was it very large. My plane went up in small circles, steadily rising. I just sat in one spot for a long time; there was so little drift. Then I’d have to move to the next spot and sit on my bike with my head tilted way back, looking up into the blue sky flecked with small clouds. Slowly it drifted to the south east and I followed, trying not to lose sight of the little model. Three things helped me keep sight of it: yellow tissue, gloss clear spray, and very, very little drift.
As I got farther and farther south east on the field, I was going to run into the rocket people that were sharing the field. I had to figure out how to get around them, not lose the model, and stay in view of my timer, so he can keep the clock going. I navigated through their parked cars on the south edge of the filed and made it to the extreme southeast corner. I sat there for a long time and then the model started to drift NNE. I could still see it brightly in the sky and by carefully riding north I could keep an eye on it.
I got to a corner near the corn and stayed there. I knew this would be the last spot I would be watching from – and the last spot where I would see my little Folkerts. This plane was now just a flashing speck in the blue sky well east of the field above the college. The additional nose weight had no effect on the glide. At less than 10 grams on 62 square inches of wing area, the wing loading is so light that it didn’t take a strong thermal to carry it away. There was a hint about half way through the visible flight that it “might” be descending, but that didn’t last long – that’s when it started drifting NNE. It might have kicked out of one, but got picked up by another thermal. I can imagine that it was carried a good distance from the field, maybe even beyond the town of Geneseo.
I waved my arms vigorously (a signal to stop the watch) and rode back across the field due west to our base, and while it was sad to lose a great model, I was happy that I had logged a “Wally Farrell” type flight. Winn reported a 14:56 flight for 896 seconds. That was going to be hard to beat. In fact, it was roughly half again better than 2nd place. That is the second fly-away victory at the FAC Nat for me in NoCal. I won in 1998 with an 11-minute flight with a Hosler Fury. In fact, that was the last time that I won an event at the FAC Nats prior to this year.
2022 FAC Nats NoCal Champ – 14:56 OOS
Ceremony #1 – Final Flight
We have a tradition at the Biennial FAC Nats: we hold an evening ceremony for all of our flying friends that have passed since the previous Nats. This year that spanned clear back to 2018 – four years. In our hobby, that is mostly populated by old men, four years can suck up a lot of souls.
This year the ceremony was heart-wrenching. I personally read four names, three of which nearly close the lid on the old Stork Squadron from Cleveland, where I cut my teeth. Rich Weber, Del Balunek, and I are just about the last remaining members. Del no longer flies, and Rich has been out of the loop for a few years.
This is merely a representation of what this ceremony means. These people – all of these people – were flying friends to someone and some of them are leaving a friend or student as the only one remember their wonderful times together. This is a FACT of our group and it is much like watching that model fly away for the last time. We can be, should be, and were sad to have lost good friends, but we can look back and remember all of those good times flying.
This year, there were roughly THIRTY names read. It was terrible to be standing there, listening and hearing the names ring out, spoken through cracking voices and tears of those they have left behind. The most recent passing was of Jack Kacian, who died as Vance Gilbert stopped in at his house to visit him on Tuesday. Jack and I had only met a couple of times at Geneseo, but I considered him a friend, as I do all of my fellow modelers that we meet up with at Geneseo.
Thirty names…it left many of us crushed for the evening. But I am so glad to have known many of them and to be able to share in their memory. As we always say “use the good wood”.
Ceremony #2 – Awards
A couple of general award items as I get to my personal awards. We presented three Blue Maxes to worthy flyers this year. The Blue Max is awarded to every FACer that attains 16 victories in competition. You can read a more complete explanation HERE. These were to Duncan McBride (Florida), Mike Escalante (Maryland) and Luc Martin (Quebec).
There are only two remaining “100 Percenters” – those that have attended every FAC Nats since 1978: John Stott and Ross Mayo. Fernando Ramos and Ray Rakow are still living but did not attend this year.
Now on to ME. This was my best FAC Nats performance. You could say that attendance was down (about 80 registered) but that really does not make the accomplishment any less. As with all competitions, attendance is required and only those that attend can win. Here is what I won:
my 2022 victories
4th in Jumbo with my Stallion
4th in OT Stick with my Holy Ike
3rd in National Air Races with my Comper Swift
2nd in 1/2 Wake with my Yankee IV
2nd in FAC Peanut with my Corsair
1st in OT Fuselage with my Hep Cat
1st in 2-Bit with my King Harry
1st in NoCal with my Folkerts SK-2
During the setup for judging, I heard Sky Mayo remind all of the judges that there was a “beauty contest” for the best WWII model. I had a glimmer of hope that it might be me. After all I brought that big FW-189 – I had it judged, I flew it in Jumbo, I flew it in Combat. It is a subjective trophy (not performance-based) and maybe those that choose would choose me!
But, it was not to be. Wally Farrell won with his Arado E.530. Here is a photo of the winner next to my Focke-Wulf. Both are Jumbo 36″ wingspan models.
But the evening was not over for me. There are three overall performance trophies: Scale Champion, Non-Scale Champion, and Grand Champion. A person needs to place high in many of the events in each category to win champion in each sub-category and then how they placed in both categories determines how they stand for Grand Champion.
I placed well in many of the Non-Scale events (OT Stick, OT Fuse, 2-Bit, 1/2 Wake). But would it be enough? I under-wound on the fly-off in Stick and ended up in fourth. I only placed second in 1/2 Wake. And I didn’t even fly in Embryo – Embryo carries the most weight as scores are factored by the number of flyers in a particular event – and Embryo is always the most popular FAC event. It turns out that my performance was good enough to win non-Scale Champion!
This has been a goal of mine since at least 2016. It has taken a lot of work and practice. I have models that max often and this was the start of it. For years I have been working and working on this at every large-field contest. Every flight in OT Stick, OT Fuse, 2-Bit, and Embryo has been trying to get to the point where I can be confident in placing in these events. I am a rather humble guy (I think?) and I don’t often say I am proud of things, but I am proud of this accomplishment. It is one of the highlights of my modeling career.
me and the FAC Non-Scale Champion trophy
It was a long trip home – 12 hours from Geneseo to my house, by way of Oxford, MI and a return to Detroit due to road construction. I am tired. I have been writing this for about 4 hours. I still need to unpack my merchandise and models.
But the time was great. Importantly, it was shared with friends. Even the ride there and back was made better with someone riding along. I used to travel to Geneseo with my son, Jack, and we would talk excitedly on the way about what-might-come and on the way back we would discuss how to improve for the next time. I miss those days, but I now have new days full of memories.
I don’t know if I will be as successful in future contests, but does it matter? Am I upset about losing 1/2 Wake to Mike Smith? Not in the least! I’d like to think that I have had a hand in his success and even in that specific event. It’s not a bad thing to have someone new beat you, especially when you help them along.
I may never win Champion again, or even any event at the Nats, but I will still go and meet up with all of my friends and have a great time. And I’ll stand in that ceremonial ring and call out names of our flying friends that have Gone West with tears in my eyes again. If I have anything to say about it, this tradition will continue along at least as long as I can help push it into the future.
Speaking of the future, here is young Alex Kelly from San Antonio, TX and his Corsair – which he built – and flew successfully at the XXII FAC Nats in 2022. Note the legend, Wally Farrell, watching one of his flights in the background.
I’ve been wanting to write for awhile, but a) I am not sure what to write and b) I’ve been so busy since coming back from vacation. I do know what to write, but there are so many things, most small items, most not connected to each other, so it won’t likely flow smoothly.
Here’s a wonderful story: back in November or so, the Post Office said they would temporarily increase prices for the holiday season. After the New Year, I waited and waited for the price to drop. Silly me. The USPS has raised prices at least twice in the last six months and they will again in mere days (10 July, I think). Of course, they were right – their holiday price hikes WERE temporary – only to be hiked AGAIN in a couple months.
TODAY – all packages I ship to California cost me money – about a quarter. Most other places I am able to “make” a quarter or 50 cents – that’s my shipping and handling fee. The cost of my time to pack and ship your orders.
Guess what? I’ll be raising my flat rate shipping charges in August.
COST OF MATERIALS
Have you noticed how “inflation” has hit you? Virtually everything we buy now costs more than it did last year. That includes all of the material that I use to make my kits: paper, packing supplies, ink, balsa… Guess what? I’ll be raising my kit prices in August.
Charlie Jones, et al, at FAI Model Supply is out of town/state/country for all of July. He was kind enough to let us dealers know before-hand. When I was in Costa Rica, I got the message. Knowing that I have two big selling contests in July (FAC Nats in Geneseo NY and the AMA Outdoor FF Nats in Muncie, IN), I hurriedly calculated what I needed without the ability to see my stock-on-hand. Then I doubled it.
I will be bringing all the rubber I have to Geneseo and Muncie. Of course, it will be first-come-first-served – UNLESS – you place an order online for Delivery to one of these contests. But hurry; time is running out for any sort of pre-ordering.
Some time last year, two things happened: 1) I passed 100 short kit designs available from me and 2) I passed 5,000 kits sold to you, my customers. To me, these are significant numbers. Free Flight is a limited hobby. And my little corner of it is even smaller. And yet, between you and I, we have hit these numbers.
Drawing plans, creating new designs, re-creating old designs, is a lot of fun for me and it is something that I do practically every day. It is almost relaxing for me. I would be doing this even if I was no longer selling. But, I like to share my creations. I guess you like most of them, as you keep buying them. Getting back to the price hike subject, I have always tried to keep prices low but reasonable. Your not getting full kits from me, so I find it hard to charge a lot. You DO get parts AND plans, unlike some short kit suppliers (I feel that’s a value added). Some of my designs will be complicated – large and complicated plans, many sheets of wood. For these, there is no easy way to keep the prices down.
I virtually cut these kits on demand. When you order, I generally have to cut the kit. Over the last several months, I’ve been cutting multiple kits instead of just one. That is so I will have a stock to bring to these two July contests; Geneseo especially.
But 100 is not the upper limit! I am always drawing something and and it is my intention that they will be built and flown. Then it is a small step to passing them on to you. Well, some of those complicated ones require several big steps.
It was 2019 the last time we FACers gathered for our big meet in Geneseo. Coming off the trip to Costa Rica and the contest immediately following in Muncie, I decided that there would be no new planes for Geneseo. I simply had/have too much to do and need to concentrate on putting my best foot forward at the XXII Nats. Then, due to gas prices, primarily, Winn Moore and I decided to ride together. This means that I can’t just take “everything” – I have to pick and choose – AND consolidate. We will be bringing Models and equipment for both of us, all of my sales goods (well, most of them), and two scooters.
I have selected (and pre-registered!) 18 of my models for competition. I have them packed in two large boxes, which was a complicated process. So complicated that I made a list of which models are in each of the three layers (one box has two levels of models), and I took photos of how they all are packed. This is in an effort to allow room in my vehicle for all of what Winn wants to bring.
I’ll be consolidating my sales good, too; making sure that I efficiently pack all my stuff. Getting the sales goods, one or two canopies, and two scooters into one 5×8 trailer might be a challenge, but I think we can do it.
Look for us to pull in to the flying field sometime Tuesday afternoon. With any luck, we will be able to kick back and relax in the evening, catch up with friends and prepare for a hectic Wednesday, not to mention Thursday, Friday, and Saturday – and the long drive home on Sunday.
Here’s one tip I will send out to all FACers going to Geneseo: DON’T FORGET YOUR DOCUMENTATION!
Dethermalizers – the Next Big Step in your Free Flight Evolution. Beginners often ask a lot of questions, especially on the field while watching. One that I often answer in the negative is “do I need a DT?” – or – “what stuff do I need for a DT?” What I tell beginners is “until you start building, trimming, and flying well enough that your models are repeatedly flying away, you do NOT need to complicate your modeling with DTs. Come back when you are having models fly away and I’ll help you out.”
Why do I say this? Because the beginner needs to learn to build, trim, and fly. There is no sense in putting a DT on a model that isn’t trimmed to fly for more than 30 seconds. Those three initial skills need to be developed to the point that the model is capable of flying OOS before the modeler needs to worry about how to install and operate a DT. Until that time, it is an unnecessary complication. I flew for a couple of decades before I started installing DTs. And since then, I’ve put on plenty of DTs that don’t get much action (because the plane isn’t up to snuff, yet).
So, bunkie, you lost your plane? You’ve lost several? Then you need the Salvation of Free Flight – the DETHERMALIZER! (No, not the Korda Dethermalizer OT Cabin – Class D 1941 Nats Winner – WITH a DT!) A properly working (hopefully #1) DT will disturb the balance of your perfectly soaring model and it will no longer be able to soar efficiently and it will be kicked out of the thermal and descend to the ground (hopefully #2) and save your model (hopefully #3).
Hopefully #1 – DT’s, regardless of their type (see below), can malfunction. During the construction of your model and installation of the DT, you will want to ensure that the operation of the timer and of the release are smooth and glitch-free.
Hopefully #2 – Sometimes, properly functioning DTs are overcome by the strength of the thermal and they sail off Out-Of-Sight, regardless of how smooth and perfect the operation. A different style of DT action (see below) might have saved the model. Also, “where” the model comes down may prohibit retrieval – maybe it is stuck high in a tree, or in the middle of a lake, of somewhere else where you cannot find it.
Hopefully #3 – sometimes the model will descend to the ground, but because of the type of DT action or some freak occurrence (tangled lines, etc.), the model will suffer damage when it hits the ground – or whatever it hits.
Dethermalizers have been around since the late ’30s or early ’40s. As mentioned above, Dick Korda named a model he designed “Dethermalizer”, possibly because he integrated a DT into the design. This article won’t be so much of a How-To, but more of a discussion the types of Actuators and the types of Actions. All of the DTs that I know of have an Actuator that control when and how the DT Action takes place. And the model design incorporates a method of Action.
Types of ACTUATORS
Actuators are the things that count down the time and trigger the Action. Count down the time? Yes – you want the DT to operate after a set time and not before. This time will be determined by YOU, the Builder and Flyer. Most of the time, I set my TIME based on the maximum official flight time (most often – 2 minutes). Sometimes, I will set the time shorter and this decision is based on the field conditions – maybe it is a small field, or a particularly windy day and 2 minutes will carry the model off the field.
Regardless, all types of Actuators are basically switches that, after an assigned time, the “switch” is activated and the Action is initiated. I will now discuss the various types of mechanisms that we most often see on the flying field (I won’t be discussing the antique Austin timers, although they still work). Here are the types I will be discussing: Burning Fuse, Mechanical/Clock, Viscous/Button, Electronic.
This is one of the simplest and possibly most reliable DTs that we have. It is basically a short piece of cotton cording that has been impregnated with a chemical that burns easily. This fuse is lit with some sort of lighter (my favorite is an electronic, rechargeable, arcing-plasma lighter). The fuse fits snugly into an aluminum tubing with a short length extended. Generally a small rubber band is lightly wrapped around the fuse close to the tubing and as the fuse smoulders and burns down, it will contact the rubber band and melt or burn it and the release of the rubber band triggers the Action. The snug installation into the aluminum tubing will extinguish the burning fuse.
a Burning Fuse installed on the tail of an Embryo model. The length of fuse from the exposed end to the small rubber band regulates the amount of time before the Action is triggered.
The SWITCH: burning through a rubber band that is preventing the ACTION
Benefits of the Fuse Type:
– installation is generally simple
– it is relatively light weight
– it is generally very reliable
Downsides of the Fuse Type:
– they are dependent on an igniter – a lighter of some sort – and electronic ones need to be charged.
– setting exact time is a guessing game as the rate of burn can vary with conditions
– if the fuse is damp or the day is rainy, the fuse may not light or stay lit
– a poor start of the burn can extinguish and result in no DT
– FIRE – these use live fire and they can start fires
– some modelers have burnt their models while lighting the fuse
– if the model lands before the desired time, the fuse/fire could light the grass on fire
– as a fire hazard, this type is PROHIBITED in some locations
Overall, these work well. If the fuse is lit properly, it WILL burn down at a regular rate and it will self-extinguish. Just make sure your rubber band is tight against the fuse and your Action is positive and you will have a light-weight, reliable Actuator.
These are called “Clock” types because of the way they work: you wind a spring and it unwinds; just like an old-fashioned clock or watch. There are commercial versions or you can make your own. Being “clocks”, they have a very reliable countdown. The spring is regulated somehow to slow the unwinding of the spring. There are some very complicated multi-function Clock Timers. These are used to manage several aspects of the model’s performance: engine shut-off, variable incidence tails, DT action. The ones shown here are simple, single-function timers.
Mechanical/Clock DTs. In the back are examples of a Commercially-produced single-function Mechanical DT. In the front is a home-made one. The arms with weights are added to regulate the rate at which the spring unwinds.
The SWITCH: usually the unwinding and release of a line that is preventing the ACTION
Benefits of the Mechanical/Clock Type
– these are very reliable – they count down at a constant rate.
Downsides of the Mechanical/Clock Type
– they are often too heavy for small models
– commercial versions are becoming very hard to find
– homemade versions take a little bit of experimentation to get them to work right
– homemade version require a wind-up toy – not all wind-up toys have the right clock
– they can get dirt in them
– I have had them “not work” but that is probably lack of skill in construction or setting
Sometimes these re referred to as “Button” timers – Bob Munson perfected the viscous timer and had a Button (small) and a Badge (larger) version. Homemade versions usually are made from rotary dampers that are found in various automotive applications: slow opening compartment doors, etc are regulated by viscous rotary dampers. All of these work in the same manner: they have a chamber with an oil or compound. In that compound is a “paddle” that is commented to a rotating shaft. The fluid or goo resists the rotation of the shaft and this is usually at a fairly constant rate.
Munson Button and Badge Viscous Timers.
a homemade Viscous DT Kit that used a commercial rotary damper
There is another homemade viscous type that is made with aluminum tubing and Silly Putty. These can be made with a little work. You can find instructions HERE (PDF in the FAC Library). There is an early version where a “trench” in the glider fuselage was filled with Silly Putty and a wire dragged through it. I cannot find a link to that right now. There are several how-to’s online regarding the tube/Putty versions.
The SWITCH: usually the unwinding and release of a line that is preventing the ACTION
Benefits to the Viscous/Button Type
– they are lightweight
– the original Munson timers were very reliable (current version, not so much)
– homemade versions are cheap to make and material is available
Downsides to the Viscous/Button Type
– some are temperature-sensitive
– all are dependent on a constant rate-of-pull (rubber band, spring, etc.)
– pull sources do not always have a constant rate of pull.
Some electronic gurus have been able to produce electronic countdown timers that are light weight and programmable. The results are a relatively light appliance that is very reliable and very accurate – to 10 seconds; some are to the single second. There are now various products, some with multi-function, some are band burners, some trigger micro servos, and some with battery chargers built in.
one type of commercially available Electronic DT
The SWITCH: burning a rubber band or activating a servo that is preventing the ACTION
Benefits to the Electronic Type
– very reliable and very accurate
– relatively light weight
– installed properly, they can be swappable between models.
Downsides to the Viscous/Button Type
– some are very expensive
– all require programming that can be complicated
– all require on-board micro-batteries that need charging
– the batteries are so small (capacity) special chargers should be used
– charging on the field requires a power supply
– band burners may break the thin ni-chrome wire
– band burners require light rubber bands that WILL burn with the short hot pulse
All of the types listed above do one thing: they provide a predictable delay from the start to the time the “switch” initiates the ACTION.
Types of ACTIONS
The ACTION is what takes place once the “switch” is thrown. These Actions can take place on the Tail, or on the Wing, or Other locations.
Probably the most common is the Tail DT where the horizontal stab is hinged. Typically a fine line is run from the tail, along the side of the fuselage, to be connected to the DT. When the DT activates, the line is released and the tail, hinged at the front (usually), pops up (due to spring loading or a rubber band pulling) to about 45 degrees – like up elevator to an extreme. This will cause a nose-up condition in flight that balances out and the model sinks slowly and flatly to the ground.
The Tail-type is probably the easiest to install and operate, although there has to be enough tension in the line to keep the tail in flying position and not allow it to creep into even a degree of “up” where none was intended. Also, Tail-types “can” still be carried away by a strong thermal, even after the DT Action takes place. It is not common, but can happen.
Some models, because of the design where the tail intersects the fuselage, will require a two-piece split horizontal tail pivoting on a rod/tube combination. These are more complicated installations, but Scale models often require this if the Tail Type is chosen.
the previously-shown Fuse-type DT and the Horizontal Stab popped up.
a Scale model with at Split Horizontal in DT’d position.
Some models – and modelers – prefer a Wing DT. There are two types here, too: a Pop-Off Wing and a Pivoting Wing.
A Pop-Off Wing DT does just what it says: once the Action takes place, the wing becomes detached from the model and all aerodynamic function is lost. The plane falls to the ground – sometimes very rapidly (possibly damaging the model). The wing is typically attached to the fuselage by a long string and, if done right, can act like a maple leaf and slow the descent.
Another type is the Pivoting Wing DT. Similar to the Tail DT, the wing is hinged at the Trailing Edge. Again, the desired angle is about 45 degrees. This causes the same disruption as the Tail DT, but instead of a flat descent, the descent is nose-down and generally faster. Again, this can result in damage to the model.
The legendary Jack McGillvray had a Fairey Barracuda that pivoted the wings at the high point. You can watch the video HERE thanks to Tom Hallman.
hard to see, but there is a Burning Fuse DT in the middle of the wing. The Fuse burns the rubber band and the wing pops off. The tip of the wing is attached to the tail of the fuselage by a fishing line.
hard to see, but this is a Wing DT that pivots at the Trailing Edge.
There are other less-common Actions. In Hand Launch Gliders, some would use a section of pop can on the fuselage. It laid flat while under normal flight, but the Action would release it and the natural curl of the aluminum can would disrupt the airflow around the fuselage and spin the glider down.
Other gliders use a more modern DT where the fuselage pivots just behind the wing. This is a very positive Action.
Returning to the ’40s, Chet Lanzo created a model where the wing went through the cabin and the upper part of the cabin was hinged at the rear and popped up, causing a disruption in the glide.
This is not meant to be THE definitive paper on DTs. I am just sharing common types of Actuators and Actions for the person just starting into DTs. It will give them things to consider. I am sure that my lists of Actuators, Actions, Benefits, and Downsides are incomplete – you may have pages to add, but this is what I came up with this afternoon. And lastly, how you route the lines and adjust for travel and such is clearly not included in this writing.
Of course, one should always research the subject. There are tons of articles on DTs in the FAC Library.
We had storms roll through Volare Acres this week – Brainstorms! We had rain, too, but coming out of the Indoor Fling last weekend, I was inspired to try several things.
First thing, though, I’m going to talk about flying buddy, Archie Adamisin. Archie is a third generation modeler as his grandfather and father and uncles were (and are!) modelers in the Detroit area. Archie now lives in Kentucky, but has participated in our monthly Indoor contests as his mom and dad still live in the Detroit metro area,
Archie has raised the bar at our contests and he won the hotly contested WWII NoCal Combat event at the Indoor Fling, besting 8 other competitors in 3 rounds of flying. His winning time with his Dauntless was over 4 minutes on the final round.
some of the formed/pressed props I made a couple years ago.
He and I have been loosely bouncing ideas off of each other in the virtual world. Mostly they are his ideas and I add some thoughts or questions here and there. We had been playing with forming balsa props over the last couple of years, forming them in a 3D printed pitch form. These work nicely, but are fragile. We have used them successfully on NoCals – in fact, his Dauntless has one on it – and I had put some on my Peanut Corsair. I was happy with the performance, but I kept breaking them. We also flew them on models as big as Embryo. His Indoor Embryo has one, but high power and outdoors was rather rough on mine.
Archie’s GeoEmbrysol with a formed prop
Well, this winter, Archie has been working on a new angle: “3D Props” – yes, that’s what he is calling them. He’s a master at layout in the 3D world and has been creating a wide variety of 3D printed props – from the very tiny (2.25″ diameter) to large – 10″ or so in diameter, including a few P-30-legal (because they are for sale) props.
a screen grab from my Meteoro test flight video showing Archie’s P-30 prop.
Also legal are his props for Phantom Flash – he has flown his to over 3 minutes indoors. These were verified legal by FAC-GHQ. His “Nickel Scale” 3″ prop is now the standard for this class, as all successful flyers at the Indoor Fling were using his props. (You will see his Nickel prop later in this write-up.)
I have printed some of his props (as part of his “R&D team”) and I asked him for a replacement prop for my Corsair. I told him I wanted a 4-blade with a 5″ diameter, 1.3:1 P:D, and 1/2″ wide blades. You know – for that Scale Corsair look. He sent me the STL and also printed one himself. I put it on my Peanut and flew it around the arena with a happy smile on my face.
Anyway, his “3D Props” are great, in my opinion. I know that he is selling them, but I don’t know what sizes or variations – or even the price. Contact Archie Adamisin (he’s on Facebook).
As I mentioned before, I’ve been dabbling in Free Flight Electric Scale. I put a Rookie power plant in my venerable HiMax Peanut and have had successful, if limited, flights. The limitations are on the restricted space in which I must fly. I haven’t had a chance to “wind it up” to full power and give it a toss.
But I got to talking to Archie – who also has experience in electric models: he’s dabbled in e-20 FF, but has tons of experience in electric r/c pylon racing. I had two issues with the Rookie prop: 1) it seems small and 2) it is meant for a pusher application. Now, as I say in my info pack provided with the power pack, you can reverse the prop on the shaft and rewire the motor leads on the circuit board – not at all difficult.
But why bother, if you don’t have to? And – how about a larger prop? Archie designed a printed prop at 2.25″D x 2.25″P – oh, and it is going in the “right” direction, too. I printed one and put it on the HiMax. He designed a lower pitch prop, too, but I haven’t tried it.
But I wanted to do a second iteration of Electric. I am choosing models I had retired from competition and this time I selected my Peanut Fike. This gave me two opportunities: test the new prop and test the power pack on what I have imagined is the upper limit for the little motor and capacitor – 50 square inches.
Again, I drilled out the Gizmo Geezer nose button to accept a press-fit of the 6mm motor and I added a platform in the fuselage to accept the capacitor and circuit board. I popped on the new prop and went out in the back yard. Success! It requires a bit more charge (8 seconds vs. 5 seconds) to max out my back yard, but it is a much better flyer than the HiMax. (An aside – I’ve always liked the HiMax design and I have built probably half a dozen of them in various configurations, but the all seem “draggy” and their performance has always been less than anticipated.) Of course, Fikes seem to fly in whatever configuration, but this was pleasing.
So, this Indoor season, I “dominated” the Nickel season, as I was the only one that could get more than 10 or 15 seconds out of their Comet Nickel models. I was able to get 20-30 seconds – per flight – with my Miller Racer. Archie’s 3″ prop helped stabilize the model and it also allowed my to reduce power from a loop of 0.063″ to a loop of 0.045″. My loop was about 9″ long and I could get about 1200 turns in it – and that was good – until it wasn’t.
Tom Sova, an Indoor (proper) flyer from Toledo was showing up at our meets and decided to venture into Scale – and he picked the Comet Nickel Miller Racer as his firs Scale model (shocking – these are twitchy little beasts). Tom surpassed my times and then at the Indoor Fling, I took third place behind Tom (2nd) and Don Slusarczyk (1st). My “dominance” was over.
The biggest issue for me with these tiny planes is the thrust adjustment. My shims are always sloppy and temporary and just don’t work. Here’s a confession: I am addicted to the Gizmo Geezer nose button. As Eli Manning says “I put that s&!t on everything” – except tiny planes. They are just too big for tiny planes – in diameter and weight (1g).
Well, the brain was storming this week and I came up with a solution. I have developed the VPS Lightweight Adjustable Nose Button. There’s no secret in the inner workings and I fully acknowledge that I am standing on the shoulders of the giant that is Orv Olm.
Working through Thursday and Friday, the ideas just kept popping and I now have four iterations of this little gem: generic, a custom nose block for my Miller Racer, Phantom Flash, and (something I’ve been wanting for YEARS) NoCal. The generic version plugs into a 1/8″ hole (the standard I cut for my kits – based on the Peck Nose Button size) and weighs 0.34 grams – 1/3rd the weight of the Gizmo Nose button!
My Lightweight and the standard Gizmo
the generic weighing in at 0.34g
three variations plus the standard Gizmo
My Miller Racer with a 3D -printed Nose Block AND integrated Lightweight Adjustable Nose Button – oh, and Archie Adamisin’s 3″ Nickel prop.
The printed nose block with integrated adjustable nose button allowed me to remove all the ugly shims off the nose of my Miller Racer and produced consistent left hand climbing circles of 20+ seconds until I popped the motor.
Neither the Phantom Flash nor the NoCal have been installed yet, but I expect great things. The NoCal version is 0.4g and the PF is 0.5g.
I have really been wondering if I should even mention these, but excitement (and pride) got the better of me. I do not know if I will be selling them – “why” you ask? Well, they seem to print ok (sometimes small parts can have a rather high rejection rate), but the real reason is that they take about 10-15 minutes each to assemble. So what is the cost? Ten minutes to print, 10 minutes to assemble – that’s a lot of time – and I don’t want to saddle myself with producing 100 of these (I like “inventing” but “production” not so much). They take 12 holes drilled in four different sizes, three holes “reamed” and three holes tapped and then assembly and gluing. One thing is for sure – they won’t be any less than the Gizmo Geezer nose button.
So, it has been a busy week! Now I’ve GOT to get back on the Focke-Wulf 189. Essentially, all that is left is to cover and assemble it. I’ve got to get it done before June due to family events in the beginning of June.