Coloring Our Models – What Colors are Right?

Two and a half years ago, I built a Peanut Barracuda.  I’ve written about it before, including its demise, when it was crushed by a passing dust devil.  This past winter, I built another fuselage and tail and got it ready for the indoor season (which has just ended).

I struggled to get it to fly all winter – until the last contest when I won three rounds of WW-II Combat.  The plane got damaged and repaired.  Successful flying was a critical part of my process to be able to create short kits and sell them.  Now it has flown and I will have the kit available shortly.  But I ran into a problem…

Part of my offering will be free downloadable tissue print templates.  As I checked my files to make sure I had them ready to upload for others to use, I decided to check what the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) colors were.  Here is where the story gets complicated.

Here is the plane I modeled.

Here is another color 3-view (found on Pinterest)  (note that there are differences between these two images).

This color 3-view is found in the Aircraft Profile #240 Fairey Barracuda.  I am sure that I used the image out of that book to “eyedrop” select the colors to create the tissue prints for my model. Both of these images are artist’s interpretations and not photographs.

And here is a small preview of the fuselage side from that effort.  The colors look slightly different because of two reasons:  a) the photo above is a photo of the printed tissue and b) the printed tissue does not come out exactly as the computer monitor shows it, especially inkjet.

Even though they are artist’s renderings, we would assume the artist is using real colors to create the images.  And maybe they were, either to the best of their ability, or the colors have changed over time and internet space.

So, I searched the web this morning to verify the colors.  This aircraft flew in 1944, so we have to look for the Fleet Air Arm colors post-1941 – There was a change in 1941, so early camouflage colors and layouts would be incorrect.

Several internet sources tell me these later colors were as follows:

Extra Dark Sea Gray (FS 36099)
Dark Slate Gray (FS 34096)
Sky (FS 34424)

There are a few sites online that show the FS colors (FS stands for Federal Specification), but graphics programs do not recognize the FS color codes, so you need to find some document that “translates” the colors into Hex, RGB, CMYK or something that your graphics program recognizes.

I found a document online that has this in a single place and these colors seem to match – or are at least consistent.  I found some places that called out translations that just did not even match the colors the showed.  Here is the URL for this useful document:  https://www.spmodelismo.com.br/material/tintas/fs595b.pdf  It should be noted that document FS595 would be the original, WWII-era document.  FS595a and FS595b were revisions.  The current is FS595c, but I read there is a problem with the -c version in that it changed some of the color identifications and these new clarifications can lead to confusion.  That is likely why the person that developed this PDF chose to work off the FS595b version.

And here is my reworked colorings (followed again by the first rendering for side-by-side comparison):

NEW “real” colors

OLD colors sampled off of artist’s renderings

 

 

 

 

If you look at color photos, you will see the NEW color palate is much closer to the photos than the second.  I will rework my tissue templates to reflect these new colors.  Too bad my model is now the wrong colors!

384 total views, 3 views today

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Some Race Plane Confusion

At yesterday’s Cloudbusters’ Indoor Fling, we struggled (as we do every year) to fill the Goodyear/Formula One Mass Launch. By FAC Rule, these models must be modeling “aircraft entered in Goodyear/F-1/F-Vee/Biplane races” with a 13″ maximum wingspan (Peanut Scale). We didn’t have enough entries signed up, so, in traditional small club fashion, we scrambled to see what people had brought and if the models qualified. Here are two planes that were brought to the contest, that were questioned as to whether they qualified – but which could not qualify (and why).

(The conversations below are “representations” of the discussions and were with multiple people, not just me and one other. ”

The first was Wittman’s Bonzo. The model was held up to view and from across the room I could see the red fuselage and wings with the silver cowl of the pre-war, D-12 powered, Thompson Trophy racer (NOTE:  the real airplane was a Thompson/Unlimited Cubic-Inch racer – in the FAC, this model flies in the Greve Race for non-radial-engined race planes).  “Nope. Doesn’t qualify.”  “But there was a Bonzo Goodyear racer.”  “Yes and it was built by Steve Wittman, but it was a completely different aircraft. That model (pointing to the one held up) would qualify for GREVE (or Combined) Races, not the Goodyear.”

(Note:  all images here are found on the web.)

The Bonzo modeled:

The “Bonzo II” Goodyear racer

The second model in question was the Art Chester Jeep. “How about Chester’s Jeep (holding up a green and yellow, Menasco-powered racer)?” “Hmmmm – that is another pre-war racer.” “But I read it flew in the post-war Goodyear races.” (Quickly searching the web on my phone…)  “Yes, it says that, but it certainly would have had to have been re-engined with a horizontally-opposed engine and not using the Menasco.”  “Well, I read it was in the Goodyear…”  “I will research and get back to you – besides that’s not a Peanut, right?” “16” span, I think.”  “Goodyear Mass Launch is for Peanut Scale models. – P.S. keep that model – you can fly it in the Greve (or Combined) Races.”

The Jeep modeled:

The “Falck Chester Special” Goodyear racer:

R.S. Hirsch indicates this was Red with Cream Yellow

note this airplane does NOT have the characteristic diamond-shaped wings of the early Jeep.

As far as I know, there was only one Goodyear Peanut model at the contest and we did not fly the event.

Race Planes can be a tricky subject.  The FAC Rules (and practice) allow for some leeway and “CD Discretion” but sometimes a little knowledge is a dangerous thing and a little basic research will  help prepare you for your upcoming events.  And don’t be afraid to ask your more-experienced modeling friends for guidance or advice along the way.

468 total views, 1 views today

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

New Product – Go-Devil Embryo Short Kit

I have had this one ready for a long time and I am excited to release it.  This a contest-winning design by the legendary Herb Kothe.  Herb has been flying and winning all varieties of Free Flight since the mid 1940s.  I first became aware of this design when Tom Hallman started building non-scale aircraft for Flying Aces Club competition.  Tom somehow tracked down the Go-Devil and got the plan from Mr Kothe.  Of course, Tom wins with his Go-Devil!

I contacted Herb and asked if I could kit his design.  He agreed and we coordinated on the redrawing of his plan.  As per his instructions, I have kept this design to his specifications, with only one minor change (maximizing the wing area).  Both the new and original wingspans are indicated on the plan, allowing the builder to choose.  The 19.8″ span model features an under-cambered airfoil.  You will get one sheet of 1/16″ parts (including laminating templates) and one sheet of 1/32″ parts.

I asked our young modeling phenom, Oliver Sand, to build the kit prototype.  He agreed and you may have seen a write-up of the kit and build in the NFFS Digest.  While he has not yet had the opportunity to fly this under full winds and contest conditions, he has had short power test flights in the 45-60 second range.  His model finished in at 11.5 grams without rubber – quite light, but 15% heavier than Herb’s 10 gram model!

Here are photos of Oliver’s model.  You can now find the laser-cut short kit on my site.

1,168 total views, 3 views today

Posted in Builds, Products | Leave a comment

A Story of Woe – Postage

I often feel guilty about the rates I charge for postage.  Often I don’t worry about it, but sometimes it is called to my attention, often by customers or potential customers.  Here are two tales of my misery for you to consider.

One day, I got a call from a potential customer from California.  He asked about a small item or two that I offered and asked what the postage would be.  I replied that I ship USPS Priority and I charge a flat rate and that rate to California is $9.

(Note: a peek behind the robes – I use USPS Priority because the boxes are free.  Almost all of my shipping can be accomplished by utilizing these free boxes.  I also use leftover free newspaper for packing material.  I try to keep all my prices reasonable and low cost of supplies helps me to do that.  Back to the story…)

He was shocked.  “well, I can ship things east for about 3 and a half bucks!”  “Yes, but I ship Priority and charge a flat rate.  If you buy those two small items or a pound of rubber, it will cost you $9.  You might pay more today and you might get a bargain next time.”  He would not be soothed.  He retorted “That’s ridiculous! You just lost a $300 order!” and slammed down the phone.   Well, buddy, you didn’t say you had a $300 order, but if you had, it would have shipped for $9.  That was earlier this year.

The second story – I guess this happened this week.  Today, I got sucked down the internet rabbit hole.  I almost never go to the RCGroups site – why should I?  Well, it turns out they DO have a Free Flight section.  I was scanning through the subject titles on this FF Forum and saw one “Finally Found Some Rubber”.  Being a distributor of rubber for Free Flight models, I thought I would take a peek.

I will copy the person’s entire post here; I don’t want to misquote or spin this.  But I do know I risk the wrath of customers everywhere sharing this, maybe they feel the same way:

Finally got some decent rubber and need to get my sparky in the air so checked out 2 known FF outfits wanting to buy some come to find out the postage was as much as the item I was wanting. postage rates are bad enuff these days then individuals wanting the rediculas amount for mailing is insult to injury

But did locate an outfit on ebay for a very reasonable price that wont rape ya on postage, so finally have some on the way ”  (pasted just as posted: typos, smilies and all)  (maybe that is why I never go to RCGroups!)

More internal operating details for you to consider, especially if you are thinking of starting a mail order business (that doesn’t include brides).  I subscribe to a postage service, so I get a better price than I can get through the post office.  Even with the reduced rate, the postage you pay me is just barely enough to cover the cost of postage.  You might expect that you should pay exactly what postage costs me.  I could do that, but it would involve weighing each item I sell and annotating its weight in my online store – and I have roughly 400-500 products in my store at any given time.  So flat rate saves me more time.

The average postal charge to me for an order is something like $1-$2 under what I charge you.  Maybe you think that is unfair, but maybe you don’t understand.  The least I get charged is just under $7 for a shipment to Michigan or Ohio (where I only charge $7.50).  I have justified it to myself that that 50 cents or $1 or maybe $2 overcharge covers two things – my time and the charge for heavier packages.

My time.  If I were to hire you to pack my orders, what wage would you expect me to pay you – $1 or $2 a box?  Hmmm…. probably not.  Oh and if you pack up a heavier package, maybe that excess cost comes out of your pay?

Heavy packages.  Did you the Post Office forces Priority Mail on packages over 1 pound?  At least that is what I see in my postal service.  Did you know that a package over 1 pound shipped to California costs me about $10.50 to ship?  And yet, I still only charge you Cali-customers $9.

So heavy packages cost me money, but it is balanced out by the lighter packages that I ship (and I guess my time is free).

As a customer, you get to feel “raped” every time you place an online order.  Me?  I feel like I am forced to abuse my customers several times a day.  But I cannot change it and still provide a service to you.  So I have to swallow my guilt and click the “buy more postage?” button.

I do appreciate every one of my customers that have never even thought to mention the cost of shipping.  It’s a bitter pill for both of us and as long as we understand that the “rediculas amount for mailing” is by far one of the cheapest forms of door-to-door delivery, then the happier we will be.

P.S.  the hardest packages for me to fill are the “1 pound of rubber plus two sheets of tissue” orders.  Think about how you might pack those up so the heavy rubber doesn’t smash the delicate tissue…ugh…

P.P.S.  I am VERY close to releasing one, Two, maybe even THREE new short kits!  That is in addition to the one I already put in the store, but never announced!

P.P.P.S.  There was snow in the air again this morning – will it ever warm up?

 

1,054 total views, no views today

Posted in Customers, Uncategorized | 8 Comments

7thYEAR – Discount Code plus New Products!

It’s that time of year again!  April 1st starts our 7th Year.  Take advantage of a 10% Discount on ALL products on the web site by using this code during checkout:  7thYEAR  (copy and pate for best results).

In addition, here are three new products:

The SUPREME TRAVELER.  The Traveler by Supreme dates from 1943 and is a 26″ sport design send to me by Randy Wrisley.  He built the prototype for me and has flown it successfully out west in California.  The laser-cut short kit comes complete with a funky 3-blade sheet prop and a weird nose plug – neither of which I would recommend for flying!  I have also redesigned the nose to a more traditional construction.  One of the surprises about the Traveler is that is was originally designed with 1/16″ square construction – rather light for a 26″ span model.  The light construction and undercambered wing should make a floater!

As with most of my short kits – it’s only $10.

prototype by Randy Wrisley

 

 

prototype by Randy Wrisley

Next Product:  VPS DT Kit

Over the winter, there was an online discussion regarding Viscous DT Timers.  I decided to invest some time and money and develop my own.  I purchased a quantity of dampers from overseas and spent many hours developing a system that works for me.  It took quite a bit of time to determine a RELIABLE spring mechanism and settings.  I will share the setup detail in the kit package.  The DT weighs about 1.2 grams.

KIT Package – $12

Bare Rotary Damper – $3

save a couple of 10ths of a gram by trimming off the ears

713 total views, no views today

Posted in Events, Products | Leave a comment

Modeling Pics of the Day: Jumbo Stallion Update

Yesterday was warm – for Michigan – it hit 50 degrees.  So I decoded to mask my fuselage and spray Design Master Gray on the bottom of the fuse.  I used this color on my B-52 last year and it works well.

Previously, I had brushed on Future floor treatment on the raw tissue and then airbrushed some artist’s acrylic Titanium White thinned with water on the flying surfaces and fuselage.  I could do that indoors, but needed it warmer outdoors to spray the stinky paint.

Today I jumped in and finalized the method of doing the rest of the markings.  I discovered that my color break between gray and white was about 1/16″ too high.  I decided to shift that line down by doing the red stripes in printed tissue.  I already had decided to do the registration numbers in tissue and what better way to match the colors that to print all the red lines in addition to the lettering?  I even thought of printing the gray where the letters overlapped the gray.

But I knew the tissue would probably not be opaque enough to cover the gray line.  So I decided to airbrush the back of the tissue with more white after I printed it.

So here are the photos of the series (information in each caption).

Here is the right side tissue, color laser printed. The gray is way too dark to match the paint, so that had to go.

Taken through the overhead magnifying desk light, here I show how I tried to stay just on the outside of the white separation line.

I always start on the right side. I feel the left side is the side most people look at, so I try to correct any mistake I make on the right when I do the left side. This piece has a problem – there is a tear in the tissue starting at the bottom and going between the * and the S and crossing the middle of the S. This happened when I was putting glue on the back side. I used canopy glue and it just made the tissue too soft and it tore while I was putting the glue on.

Here is the right side. All of the stripes and letters are in place (except on the rudder). There are five pieces of striped and lettered tissue on each side. I used glue stick after the canopy glue debacle. Notice the Stallion logo on the fin. That is held on with 3M #924 transfer tape.

Another shot of the fuselage with a contrasting background.

and the full scale Stallion

645 total views, no views today

Posted in Builds, Products | Leave a comment

Modeling Pics of the Day: Tom Norell’s Dime Scale Martin MO-1

I really enjoy receiving reports and photos from customers showing the models they have built from my kits.  As I have said before, I try to provide products that can be successful and when I get a report like this, it shows me how modelers can exceed all of my expectations.

Tom Norell lives in Colorado and I understand he has returned to modeling after a long absence.  Reports have it that he is dominating at the FAC Eaglerock Squadron‘s indoor contests.  Recently, he purchased one of my Martin MO-1 Dime Scale kits.

Here is the text he sent along with the photos:

It built up real nice and only needed two small adjustments to fly right off the board. A little downthrust and a small pea of clay on the nose.  AUW came in at 6.9g without rubber, I think Don Deloach’s came in a little over 10g. I also created my own tissue files and am real pleased with the final product.

I’ve flown it on three occasions so far. A few quick trim flights at our local gym (25′). The annual Pikes Peak Ceiling Climb (35′) where it came in second to David Aronstein (another Free Flight legend!  –geo.) by only a few seconds. And last weekend at the EAA Family Flight Fest in Oshkosh (37′) where it was VICTORIOUS! It still needs a bit more work on rubber selection, but it’s not too far off. It’s a consistent 90+ seconds and I think it has about another 15-20 seconds more in it. It has one of your red (painted silver) 6″ Igra props on it and it is a perfect match with a 15″ loop of .065″ Super Sport.

I’ve attached a few pictures of the finished product, feel free to use them as you wish, just give credit to Connor Madison, the EAA staff photographer.

6.9 grams and 90+ seconds on a loop of 0.065″ rubber?  OUTSTANDING!  And look at the detail on his printed tissue!

So here are Connor Madison’s nice photos of Tom’s exquisite Martin MO-1 Dimer (click for large versions).  Thanks, Tom!

1,929 total views, no views today

Posted in Builds, Customers, Products | 1 Comment

What’s in a Name – Volaré Products

Did you ever wonder about my business name, Volaré Products?  Where did I get it?  What does it mean?  How in the world do you pronounce it?  Well, I will explain.

This morning, while doing research, I stumbled across the FAC Newsletter Archive, compiled by Lincoln Ross. (What an effort he has done!)  I scrolled and found mention of the Durham Mystery Plan that I did (Tom Nallen I design) that was in the newsletter.  He made the following comment: “…Volare Products (couldn’t he have called his company something else? That car was a traumatic memory, but what did I expect for $400? How does George expect a model airplane burdened with fine “Corinthian” leather to fly well?)

Who doesn’t remember Ricardo Montelban’s commercial?  It is a cultural classic!  But – OOPS! – that was for the Chrysler Cordoba, not the Plymouth Volare.  Of course, Lincoln’s comment is tongue-in-cheek (I think?), but it got me to thinking about the name and why it is difficult for people?

First, the pronunciation.  It seems that nearly everyone mispronounces this – and I don’t know why. The most grating (and somewhat common) mispronunciation I get is “vol-AIR” – what?  Well, I guess it follows the “rules of English pronunciation” with the long vowel sound that precedes the silent E – but it is clearly wrong.  I don’t know how anyone that says it that way feels that the fingernails-on-a-chalkboard sound is right.

Those of us of a certain age – and even older – will remember the song “Volare” (or “Nel blu dipinto di blu”) from the late 50s, 60s, and 70s.  I grew up near Toledo, Ohio and we listened to WJR out of Detroit.  I thought (at the time) it was pop music, but it was really much more staid.  That song would occasionally play and it is catchy.  That pronunciation is “vo-LAR-ay” – it is Italian and means “to fly” (now we are getting closer to why I picked the name).  While this is not the correct pronunciation of my business name – it is the one that I use.  It is also the way the Plymouth car name is pronounced (so people should know?)  By the way, here is Dean Martin singing “Volare”.

The last pronunciation – and the correct one – comes from Spanish.  My wife is a native Spanish speaker and the correct pronunciation of volaré is “vo-la-REY”.  And here you will see why THIS word is the name of my business (thank you Google Translate):

You see, long before I purchased the parts business, I had designed my own FAC-based Free Flight model airplane plans.  I have dozens and dozens of designs that I have drawn up or started to draw, but only have ever offered a few for sale.  I only offer plans – and now kits – of models that have been successfully built and flown to FAC-minimum flight times – 20 seconds or more.   My products must be able to fly.

from 1997 or so

from 2003 – during my model airplane drought

552 total views, no views today

Posted in Products | 2 Comments

Covering – Ups and Downs – I’ve got you covered!

In my spare time, I am trying to complete my 24″ Cessna C-34 and my Jumbo Aircraft Designs Stallion.  Both have color schemes that do not lend themselves to colored tissue alone.

The Cessna was PPG “PeeWee Green” and I sprayed white Esaki tissue with Spring Green Design Master.  I am happy with the color choice, but less than happy with the application.  I painted the tissue on a board and the results look just great.  However, covering with the pre-painted tissue was a challenge and my plane is full of sags and wrinkles.  I should have sprayed the color after covering, but I wanted to print the numerals and stripes.  That part worked fine (except for the yellow pinstripes on green tissue).  This model will be a 20-footer (like I need another one of those).

The Stallion will be covered and them painted.  I will have to place numerals on the side and a logo on the tail, but I think that will be ok.  I did two experimental things on this plane (so far):  I used a “domestic” white tissue that I found that seems to be nearly as good as Esaki and I airbrushed on some white paint – thinned acrylic titanium white artist’s paint.

The tissue seems to be very good.  It has grain like Esaki and it has some wet strength.  Strangely, I found I got better results covering dry and then water-shrinking.  Maybe that was a factor of the season as the tissue would dry out before I could get it completely covered – maybe the humidity is too low and the water is just jumping out of the tissue.

The paint is truly an experiment.  I have used Design Master White in the past, but it went on heavy.  Yes, it was a Jet Cat and yes, the balsa wasn’t sealed, so that is probably why.  I have also air-brushed white ink with good results, but the surface seemed to be rough.  Maybe it was because I sprayed raw tissue.

This time, I sealed the tissue with Future before painting.  The image on the left above shows the fin after the Future, but before painting.  The image on the right is after several coats of paint.  This doesn’t look terrible, but I had some problems; problems which probably come from my very limited experience painting with an airbrush.

Firstly, my experimentation with the acrylic painter’s paint probably wasn’t the best idea.  I squirted some into the jar and thinned it about 4:1, maybe more, with water.  I mixed and mixed to get out the lumps.  It looked thin to me.  However, I had to crank up the pressure on my air brush to get it to come out.  Maybe it wasn’t completely mixed and thick paint required more pressure.

Of course, I hadn’t really anticipated one factor – the water based paint loosened the water based Future and I had to let the parts dry nearly completely between applications.  This took a long time. Another problem with this was that the wet and saggy tissue pooled the wet paint – you can see the results of that at the top of the fin in the photo above.

Basically, all of my processes worked, but not quite perfectly.  I will go for a little more opacity on the white, I might even try a different paint, but if I try Design Master, I have to wait for warm weather.  I don’t have a spray booth and I can only spray water-based indoors.

Here are some other relevant photos:

the Jumbo Stallion bones

C-34. I will post full documentation later/soon.

831 total views, no views today

Posted in Builds, Products | 3 Comments

Old Time Model of the Day: the Denny Starling

As soon as I get new balsa and some extra time, this will be the next kit out the door here at Volare Products.

I have wanted to build this for ages.  It was designed by the same team that designed the Jimmie Allen Special: Reginald Denny Industries.  It has many of the same features as the Special, but is slightly smaller – and lighter – it is all 1/16″ construction.  It is an 18″ cabin model.  For reference, it appeared in an ad in the December 1937 Model Airplane News.

As such, it qualifies for these FAC events:  Old Time Fuselage and 2-Bit plus One.  Also, coincidentally, it qualifies for Embryo as it is under 50 square inches in area and the fuselage exceeds the minimum volume requirements for Embryo.

As it is small, it probably won’t win any contests, but it should be an easy build and fun to fly – and that’s the point of all this, right?

Texas FAC member, Allen Shields, built the prototype for me.  Here is a photo he sent me of his finished model.  Thanks, Allen!

In addition, Mike Kelly helped him out and filmed some of Allen’s test flights.  Here is the video.

2,462 total views, no views today

Posted in Builds, Customers, Products | 3 Comments